MIRIYAM AOURAGH is Associate Member of the Oriental Institute, University of Oxford. Besides lecturing Cyber Politics in the Middle East, she researches cyber warfare in the Arab-Israeli conflict and the implications of new generation/internet 2.0 for activists in the Arab world. From 2009 to 2011, she was Post-doctoral Rubicon Fellow at the Oxford Internet Institute, University of Oxford. She is the author of Palestine Online: Transnationalism, the Internet and the Construction of Identity (IB Tauris 2011).