NICOLA PRATT is Associate Professor of the International Politics of the Middle East at the University of Warwick, UK. She has written on human rights, civil society and democratization in the Arab world, including Democracy and Authoritarianism in the Arab World (Lynne Rienner, 2007). More recently, she has written on issues to do with gender, war and security in the Middle East. In this respect, she is co-author, with Nadje Al-Ali, of What Kind of Liberation? Women and the Occupation of Iraq (University of California Press, 2009), co-editor, also with Nadje Al-Ali, of Women and War in the Middle East (Zed Press, 2009) and co-editor with Sophie Richter-Devroe of a special issue of International Feminist Journal of Politics on Women, Peace and Security (December 2011). She is joint leader of the ‘Reconceptualising Gender’ research network between Warwick and Birzeit University (Palestine). The “Arab spring” has brought her back to following and writing about issues of civil society and democratization.