STEPHEN WHITEFIELD is Head of the Department of Politics and International Relations, Professor of Politics, University Lecturer in Politics and Rhodes Pelczynski Tutorial Fellow in Politics, Pembroke College, Oxford. He spent 15 years studying post-Communist politics and society in 13 post-Communist countries and investigating the character of post-Communist and West European political parties. Together with Dr Mazen Hassan and Dr Elisabeth Kendall, he is now conducting a national survey of Egyptian citizens immediately following the founding democratic parliamentary and presidential elections. The project will aim to uncover the main lines of division underlying party competition and support for parties in the country, with a particular focus on the nature of support for democracy and its connection with social and religious identities.